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National Vocational Qualifications Framework (NVQF):

Sindh-TTB N.V.F.Q

The aim of NVQF is to define skills required for a vocational qualification, determine equivalence, provide guidelines for Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) and assure quality of training. It has the benefits for both the industry and training institutions:

* Vertical & Horizontal Progression for Learners
* Recognition of Qualification – National & International
* Improvement in Quality of Training
* Increased Options for Learners for Selecting Training Programs

For More information:
To download NVQF:

Competency Based Training (CBT)

The term competency refers to individual characteristics that contribute to acceptable or outstanding performance. Competencies can be anything from a set of knowledge, skills, behaviors, attitudes, and characteristics that lead to producing results acceptable at workplace.

Competency-based training is a structured approach to training and assessment that is directed toward achieving specific outcomes. It is about assisting individuals to acquire skills and knowledge so they are able to perform a task to a specified standard under certain conditions”. Thus, in competency-based training, a performer’s expected outcomes must be clearly stated so that the learner knows exactly what is expected of them. Why More Organizations Are Focusing On Competency-Based Training More and more organizations are implementing competency-based training because it helps to prioritize training Money and ultimately it achieves results.

The National Vocational & Technical Training Commission (NAVTTC), Technical Education & Vocational Training Authorities (TEVTAs), Trade Testing Boards (TTBs), Punjab Vocational Training Council (PVTC), Punjab Board of Technical Education and a number of private sector TVET institutes are jointly introducing Competency Based Training and Assessment (CBT & A) in 150 vocational trades & qualifications across Pakistan.

CBT programmes are designed and delivered by adopting a systematic approach, focusing on better employability of the trainees with strong market linkages. Through competency based assessment, the trainees will be assessed after completing the programme and awarded high quality national vocational certificates. Likewise, skills of the individuals from outside the formal system are also recognized through Recognition of Prior Learning/Recognition of Current Competencies (RPL/RCC).

Advantages of CBT

* Focused on skills, knowledge, understanding and attitudes/values.
* Describe observable, demonstrable and assessable performance.
* Broader in scope than a mere list of specific tasks or skills.
* Enable the learners to acquire competencies, which are recognized by the industry all over the country through competency standards set under NVQF.
* Offer greater prospective of employability to the learners.
* Enable the informal skilled workers to get their skills assess and certified through recognition of prior learning and current competencies.
* Involve industry in all the steps of training delivery right from designing the skills to assessment and placement of the skilled workers.
* Allow flexibility in the movement of learners from one institution to another.



* Contents Based
* Time Bounded
* Training providers paced
* Trainer centered
* Course oriented
* Course compilation is compulsory to get credits
* Testing, examination & grading system to award qualification
* Level of qualification are either not prescribed or varies for different organizations
* Lesser International recognition
* Normal traditional examination system


* Tasks Outcomes Based
* Performance based
* Learner paced / Personalized learning
* Learner cantered
* Modularized
* Competency demonstration is compulsory to get credits (Prior learning recognition)
* Instigated Competency assessment system to award qualification
* Level of qualifications are same across the country
* Better International recognition
* Advanced improved assessment system